SPC04B - The Apollo Guidance Computers - The First Chips on the Moon


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The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) was a cutting-edge invention created by the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory for NASA's Apollo missions. Each Apollo spacecraft had an AGC in both the Command Module (CM) and the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM). These computers were crucial for navigation, guidance, and control during the Moon missions. The AGC was the first computer to use silicon integrated circuits (ICs), with about 5,200 of them in each unit. The ICs used were Fairchild 9915 Dual 3-Input NOR gates, some of the earliest ICs ever made. In my artwork, I've included a Fairchild 9915 to highlight this groundbreaking technology that helped take humanity to the Moon.